Centaury, Chilian

Medical Herbs Catalogue


Centaury, Chilian

Botanical Name: Erythraea chilensis
Family: N.O. Gentianaceae
Synonym: Canchalagua.
Part Used: The herb.
Habitat: Chile.

Description: A small, herbaceous plant, with branched stems and pink or yellow flowers, widely used in Chile as a mild tonic.

Medicinal Action and Uses: Stimulant bitter, tonic. Useful in dyspepsia and indigestion. An infusion may be made of 1 oz. to 1 pint of boiling water.

Dosage: Of infusion - a wineglassful. Of fluid extract - 1/2 to 1 drachm.

Other Species:
Erythraea acaulis, a native of Southern Algeria, has roots that yield a yellow dye.

Sabatia angularis, or American Centaury, is a simple bitter used as a tonic and antiperiodic, in doses of 1 drachm of fluid extract or decoction of the whole plant. It has been found to contain a small proportion of Erythrocentaurin. The root of S. Elliottii is used in a similar manner in the south-eastern United States, and the whole plant of S. campestris in the south-western. S. Elliottii is known as the Quinine Flower, its properties resembling quinine.